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This sizeable city is located in the Adige River Valley and it is the capital of the Province of Trento. The various suburbs retain their village identity even though they have been swallowed up by the growth of the city. Trento was founded around 4BC and it owes its unique history to its strategic position between Italy, Northern Europe and the Adige River which was once navigable. The city buildings are uniquely beautiful as many are built of the locally excavated porphyry stone, a pink and white granite with quartz crystals.
A tour of the main monuments of Trento should definitely include the Duomo Cathedral of Saint Vigilus. This huge Gothic Cathedral was built in the 12-13th centuries on top of a late Roman basilica which can be seen from the underground crypt. The Fountain of Neptune stands in front of the building on the Piazzo Duomo. Take a look around at the other frescoed buildings in the Square including the lovely Casa Rella.
The 16th century Church of Santa Maria Maggiore has a notable portal with beautiful interior work done by Giambettino Cignaroli and Moroni. The Castello del Buonconsiglio has an interesting museum and beautiful frescoes depicting the months of the year which was commissioned by Prince-Bishop Georg von Lichtenstein. The Torre Civica has a distinctive clock tower and the Torre Verde, on the former transit path of the Adige River, is said to be where those executed by the Prince-Bishop were deposited in the River. As well as historic architecture, the more modern train station is a landmark example of modern architecture and the Grand Hotel has some futurist furniture by Depero.
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